How to make oil refining in microwave systems?

Microwave prolysis is an eco-friendly system that has been widespread especially in recent years.

In this process, the waste oil meets a bed with high microwave suction power in a neutral atmosphere. By microwave heat these waste oil molecules are separated into smaller hydrocarbon oil, gas and coal, and the main phase of the prolapse process is completed. The waste fat is then prolysed through a primer prolysis process. The waste oil performs the first crack and the resulting prolysis becomes volatile. This volatile prolysis then enters into a second process in which serial and parallel secondary reactions can take place, which can lead to the formation of condensable combustible hydrocarbons and higher quantities of non-condensable gaseous hydrocarbons, in addition to charcoal products. Homogeneous or heterogeneous secondary reactions may occur, such as secondary cracking. These are aromatization, reforming, deoxygenation, dehydrogenation, condensation and carbonisation.

oil refining

Figure 1.Main processes that occur during microwave pyrolysis of waste oil:

first cracking occurring in the first proline, homogeneous and heterogeneously occurring series and parallel reactions occurring in the second proline.

Advantages of microwave oil treatment

Compared with other methods, the use of microwave heated particle-carbon beds is effective in cracking waste oil to produce higher amounts of prolysis. In addition, when we investigate the Proliz oil, it has been shown that the waste oil is thermally cracked compared to C19-C35 hydrocarbons produced in conventional electrical prolysis compared to C5-C18 hydrocarbons [table 1]. Taking these results into consideration, it is observed that the use of a microwave heated particle-carbon bed results in more cracking reactions and that higher amounts of waste oil containing hydrocarbon constituents are converted to prolyl oil in smaller amounts.

oil refining

In addition, waste oil is more practical than other conventional methods of microwave heating and you do not need to use separate modules (eg cracking tower) in the system; so you can reduce the amount of space the plant covers and reduce the volume of the main module.