Textile Treatment

Microwave technology usage area is expanding day by day and getting more usual way to processing of various materials. Textile industry is one of them and its very convenient and open to improvement to use microwave technology in this area. It provides advantages in processing of textile like pre-treating, dyeing, bare finishing and drying. It is more efficient than conventional methods in many ways.

fabric processing

Figure Textile processing

The first concept of microwave software for textile completing techniques originated in 1970-es whilst cellulose fabric has been treated with long Durable Press (DP) finishing dealers and cured in microwave oven (Englert & Berriman 1974). till now, microwave irradiation for textile finishing has been used (anonymous 1996) for the mixed de-sizing, scouring and bleaching procedures, dyeing (Nando & Patel 2002), printing (Neral et al. 2007), and drying techniques, as well as for eradication of insects from wool textiles (Regan 1982).

For example, surface modification of the cotton & rayon fabrics usually done by plasma treatment, enzymes, Nano finish etc. but recently microwave technology is also started to use to make this modification. Nagaraj states the research works were done in wool and polyester with this microwave radiation method. After the treatment, these textures indicate development in properties, for example, color capacity, fatigue, shading quickness, wash speed, shading yield of coloring, fixation, breaking stress, redirect angle. This microwave radiation is likewise utilized as a part of e-control of preparing. This microwave radiation is a monetary and eco cordial process when contrasted with the consistent compound completing procedure. Heaps of research works are in advance to apply this procedure for an extensive variety of fabrics. [1]

Textile finishing is one of another important branches of textile industry and microwave technology is very useful on this area also. Explores about MW radiation have been intended to abbreviate preparing time claiming traditional heating resources utilized as a part of finishing processes procedures may constitute the purpose behind the loss of time and energy. It is resolved that the length of the connected technique is shortening, while at the same time securing the substance quality and the effectiveness of applied strategy is expanding by goodness of the uniform heating gave by microwave.

There are three varieties of devices for microwave processing of bendy substances. The device primarily based on the resonant hollow space principle can be used on discontinuing principle. Consequently, it’s suitable for lab research of small portions of fabric substances. The primary a part of the research became carried out on this kind of a tool. Devices based totally at the open resonator and waveguide applicator principle perform in keeping with a continuing principle, and they’re still being examined. these gadgets for microwave fabric completing are prevalently laboratory equipment. Their predominant problem is decreased spreading of microwaves into the surroundings through gaps for bendy cloth. The only devices the usage of electromagnetic waves that are utilized in fabric commercial packages are radio-frequency dryers. [2]

Consequently, Microwave energy use increases in textile industry. It is more efficient comparing to the conventional methods. It provides saving of time and cost. If the necessary studies are being done by the universities, this system can be further developed and in many more fields such as textile can be used.


[1] http://www.fibre2fashion.com/industry-article/6299/effect-of-microwave-radiation-on-cotton-rayon-fabrics

[2] http://cdn.intechopen.com/pdfs/12252/InTech-The_microwaves_solution_for_improving_woven_fabric.pdf